Gallery 41: Madrid – Madrid, Spain

Madrid is the capital of Spain and the most populous city in Spain with 3.3 million people within the metropolitan area of approximately 6.5 million people. As the seat of government, it is host of many municipalities/parks such as; Palace of Communications, The Spanish Parliament (Spanish Congress of Deputies), Office of Agricultural Affairs, The Puerta de Toledo gate, Buen Retiro Park, and the Royal Place of Madrid.

The Puerta de Alcala was made of granite and erected in 1778 by Italian architect Sabatini and this gate was once the main entrance to the city of Madrid. Making it older than the Berlin’s Brandenburg Gate.

The Plaza de Cibeles in front of the Palace of Communications

The Spanish Parliament (Spanish Congress of Deputies) is located in the Prado district of Madrid. It is home to Spain’s democratically elected Cortes.

The Office of Agricultural Affairs

The Puerta de Toledo gate was built to commemorate the arrival in Madrid of Fernando VII, “the Desired One”, who was King of Spain from 1808, and 1814 to 1833. They used granite and stone from Colmenar and was completed in 1827.

The Royal Palace of Madrid is the official residence for the Royal family. However, these days it is used only for state ceremonies. It was built during the 18th and 19th century.

The Temple of Debod is an ancient Egyptian temple that was dismantled and rebuilt in Madrid, Spain. It was originally erected in Aswan, in Upper Egypt, in the early 2nd century BC. It was built as a temple dedicated to the god “Amun”. In 1960, due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam in Egypt and the consequent threat posed by its reservoir to numerous monuments, UNESCO made an international call to save this rich historical legacy. As gratitude to Spain’s help in saving the Abu Simbel Temples during this crisis, the Egyptian state donated the Temple of Debod to Spain in 1968.

The Buen Retiro Park is one of the largest parks in the city of Madrid. The park belonged to the Spanish Monarchy until the 19th century, when it became a public park.